against


against
against against prep. 【HELP】For the special uses of against in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example count against sb is in the phrasal verb section at count. • * against 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 count against sb 在词条 count 的短语动词部份。 1. opposing or disagreeing with sb / sth • 反对;与…相反;逆;违反:
»the fight against terrorism
反对恐怖主义的斗争
»Weˈre playing against the league champions next week.
下周我们要和联赛冠军队比赛。
»We were rowing against the current.
我们划船逆流而上。
»Thatˈs against the law.
那是违法的。
»She was forced to marry against her will.
她被迫违背自己的心愿嫁了人。
»Are you for or against the death penalty?
你赞成还是反对死刑?
»She is against seeing (= does not want to see) him.
她不想见他。
»Iˈd advise you against doing that.
我劝你别做那事。
2. not to the advantage or favour of sb / sth • 对…不利:
»The evidence is against him.
证据对他不利。
»Her age is against her.
她的年龄对她不利。
--› compare for prep. (7) 3. close to, touching or hitting sb / sth • 紧靠;倚;碰;撞:
»Put the piano there, against the wall.
把钢琴放在那儿,紧靠着墙。
»The rain beat against the windows.
雨点击打着窗户。
4. in order to prevent sth from happening or to reduce the damage caused by sth • 以防:
»an injection against rabies
狂犬病预防注射
»They took precautions against fire.
他们采取了防火措施。
»Are we insured against theft?
我们保了盗窃险没有?
5. with sth in the background, as a contrast • 以…为背景;衬托:
»His red clothes stood out clearly against the snow.
他的红衣服在白雪中格外显眼。
»(figurative) The love story unfolds against a background of civil war.
这爱情故事以内战为背景展开。
6. used when you are comparing ten things • 和…相比:
»You must weigh the benefits against the cost.
你一定要权衡利益与成本二者的得失。
»Check your receipts against the statement.
核对你的收据与结算单是否相符。
»Whatˈs the rate of exchange against the dollar?
美元的兑换率是多少?
【IDIOMS】--› see as conj., stacked
* * *
[ә'genst, ә'geinst]
prep.
相反, 反對, 逆著, 靠著, 倚著

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • against — [ə genst′; ] also, esp. Cdn & Brit [, əgānst′] prep. [ME ayeynst, opposite to, facing < OE ongegn, ongean (see AGAIN), with adv. gen. es + unhistoric t] 1. a) in opposition to or competition with [a fight against evil] b) contrary to [against… …   English World dictionary

  • Against Me! — на сцене фестиваля Coachella, 2007 Основная информация Жанр …   Википедия

  • Against — A*gainst (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See {Again}.] 1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; in this sense often preceded by over. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Against Me! — im Jahre 20 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • against — ► PREPOSITION 1) in opposition to. 2) to the disadvantage of. 3) in resistance to. 4) in anticipation of and preparation for (a difficulty). 5) in relation to (money owed, due, or lent) so as to reduce, cancel, or secure it. 6) in or into contact …   English terms dictionary


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